Il y a toutes sortes de croyances.
Il y a ceux qui croient que John F. Kennedy, Elvis Presley et Marilyn Monroe ne sont pas morts et qu’ils vivent tous sur la même île déserte tropicale.
D’autres croient que leur Rebbe — qu’ils prennent pour nul autre que Dieu lui-même — n’est pas vraiment mort. D’autres encore en ont fait leur culte, leur religion la plus intime.
Authors: Simon Dein; Lorne L. Dawson (Show Biographies)
In June 1994, the Lubavitch Rebbe, believed to be the Mosiach (the Messiah) died. Counter-intuitively, this failure of prophecy gave birth to an extreme messianic movement within the group, dividing it into two antagonistic factions (messianists and anti-messianists). This article examines the Beis Menachem, a messianic group whose members believe that the Rebbe is not dead; some even believe that he is God. We argue that this strong messianic response was predictable, given the influence of four factors that prior analyses suggest are important in determining whether a group will survive the failure of a significant prophecy: (1) the ways in which the prophetic milieu is prepared, (2) the nature and extent of the preparatory activities people engaged in, (3) the nature, speed, and thoroughness of the response of group leaders to a failed prophecy, and (4) the level of social support available for those who remain faithful to a prophecy. Emphasis in this study is given to the first and fourth factor; it is argued that the diachronic study of groups like the Lubavitch provides new insights into the ideological, organisational, and situational conditions that facilitate the successful management of dissonance and thus the persistence of unusual beliefs.
Bonne Année 5756!
Harper et les Loubavich